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A mountain is first and foremost a form of terrestrial relief characterized by a significant elevation of the terrain, with a steep difference in level between the summit and the valleys. If we add to this definition all the peaks, gentle or steep slopes and connecting valleys, the mountain environment is made up of a mosaic of rocky and verdant zones, irrigated by small streams, lakes and large torrents that are home to a flourishing biodiversity, particularly well adapted to its environment. So much so that mountain ecosystems account for some 25% of known terrestrial biodiversity, most of which is endemic or protected. Ibexes, chamois, marmots and snow voles make their home here, alongside iconic species such as the golden eagle, the lynx and even the bear.

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